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Gingival "Gum" Grafting

Gum or "gingival" grafting refers to a procedure mostly used to replace lost gum tissue.  This can be done to improve cosmetics or to prevent further recession.  It can also be used to treat areas of sensitivity due to gum loss.

 

Without a doubt, many patients are most concerned with cosmetics and sensitivity and it is these patients who often seek care on their own. These forms of recession are often self inflicted, having been caused by tooth brush abrasion.    However, an extemely high number of patients require functional repair to prevent further recession and are unaware of this important necessity.

Grafting surgery employs the transplantation of varying types of donor skin to the area in need.  The donor tissue is usually taken from the palate or roof of the mouth. Additionally, there are alternative donor tissues available from tissue banks.  The area to be treated and the donor area will be numbed profoundly with a local anesthetic. After it is determined that the area is fully anesthetized, the surgery will add an appropriate amount of tissue to achieve the desired result.   Often a few sutures (stitches are necessary and usually the area is covered with a putty-like packing material to protect the site for a week.  Most patients are back to work the next day.

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